Die neuen 5er des CFG und der CFR sind da!
Air Force for use in the Korean War. Others were assigned to the training role at bases in Canada. In mid, the Sabre Mk. Apart from some minor structural and systems changes, including improved air-conditioning and gun sight, the Mk 2 and the Mk 4 were identical. The survivors were overhauled in the UK, fitted with '' wing modifications and handed to the USAF which had funded these aircraft which in turn passed them on to other NATO members, with the majority going to Italy and Yugoslavia.
On 30 July , the first Sabre Mk. Other Mk 5 improvements included a new oxygen system and improved maneuverability and low-speed characteristics achieved by increasing the wing chord by six in This modification, originated by North American on the FF, dramatically improved maneuverability, though the loss of the slatted leading edge increased landing speed and degraded low speed handling considerably. The Canadair Sabre Mk. Its altitude performance and climb rate was enhanced over the Mk 5 and the reinstatement of the wing leading edge slat gave it excellent low-speed characteristics.
The first production model was completed on 2 November and ultimately were built with production terminating on 9 October Based on the Korean War experience, the selection of the Mk 6 Sabre to provide an effective opposition to the MiG threat proved to be a logical one. Initially, the contribution consisted of only Sabre aircraft; however, later it was decided to include the Avro Canada CF aircraft in the defense package to provide a night and all-weather fighter capability.
These aircraft were quickly transferred to Pakistan and became the main day fighter of the Pakistan Air Force. Canadair Sabres were the mainstay of their respective air forces in the two major conflicts in which they were employed: The diminutive Folland Gnat was its main opponent in the Indo-Pakistan war.
By the end of , the Gnat proved to be a frustrating opponent for the larger, heavier and older Sabre. The Gnat was referred to as a "Sabre Slayer" by the Indian Air Force since most of its combat "kills" during the two wars were against Sabres. Moreover, because the Gnat was lightweight and compact in shape, it was hard to see, especially at the low levels where most of the dogfights took place. In , Jacqueline Cochran , then aged 47, decided to challenge the world speed record for women, then held by Jacqueline Auriol.
II with a wireframe pistol grip, intended for use with paratroopers. It was compact but predictably uncomfortable to fire. II modified with a 5-inch barrel and folding stock, as well as a conventional pistol grip and redesigned trigger guard. It was dubbed the "T42" in prototype phases, but never entered service. III with a "Lanchester" type wooden body and butt, and bayonet fittings.
Sling swivels were also added. It never entered service due to the costs associated with producing it. III entirely encased in a wooden body, with the only external metal parts being the trigger, barrel, magazine and cocking handle. The trigger and pistol grip were in line with the magazine. The reasons for its creation are likely an experiment into increasing the comfort and handling of the weapon in freezing temperatures.
The Mark IV was a smaller version which did not progress beyond the prototype stage. It was near pistol-sized and it had a different configuration with a conical flash hider, a rear pistol grip, a very light stock and a much shorter barrel. Developed at the Royal Ordnance Factory at Fazakerley ROF , the Rofsten was an odd Sten prototype with a redesigned magazine feed, ergonomic pistol grip, selector switch and cocking system.
The weapon was cocked by pulling the small ring above the stock. A large flash eliminator was fixed onto the barrel, and a No. It was made to a very high quality standard and had an increased rate of fire around rounds per minute. The Rofsten was made in as a single prototype and ROF wanted to submit it to trials the next year. Despite better quality there were numerous reliability problems due to the much higher rate of fire. The budget cuts prevented the modifications and this version never got beyond the prototype stage.
Sten MkIIs were licence-copied in Argentina by Pistola Hispano Argentino and can be recognised with a wooden handguard in front of the trigger group. It was known as the Modelo C.
According to British paratroopers who served in the Palestine Mandate in , the Sten copies were found to be of better quality than their own issued weapons. Another had a folding stock with a folding magazine insert. The trigger mechanism was complicated and unusual.
Neither of these prototypes had any kind of success and MAC closed its doors not long after their conception. In German-occupied Norway the resistance, under the leadership of Bror With , created a large number of Sten guns from scratch, mainly to equip members of the underground army Milorg. In his autobiography, Norwegian resistance fighter Max Manus frequently mentions the Sten  as one of the weapons his groups of commandos and resistance fighters used effectively against German troops.
Several groups in the Danish resistance movement manufactured Sten guns for their own use. The resistance groups 'Frit Danmark' and 'Ringen' also built significant numbers of Stens. Due to the simplicity of design, local production of Sten variants was started in at least 23 underground workshops in Poland. The main body of the machine pistol was made from hydraulic cylinders produced for hospital equipment.
All the machine pistols were marked in English to disguise their origin. A little known version of the MkII Sten was built in Belgium by l'arsenale militare belga the Belgian military arsenal. Some of the weapons had a "Parkerised" finish. In late , the Mauser works in Germany secretly started manufacturing copies of the Mk II Sten, apparently for deception and sabotage purposes. These weapons were intended to duplicate the British original as closely as possible, including the markings.
The series was referred to as the Gerät Potsdam Potsdam Device and approximately 28, weapons were made — even though the Germans had ample stocks of captured original Stens available. The intended purpose of these copies is now uncertain. Late in the war Germany was seeking a cheap version of the MP40 machine pistol for the Volkssturm. For that purpose a modified Sten was designed by Mauser and named the MP The main difference was the magazine attached below the weapon. Altogether, roughly 10, were produced in early , just before the end of World War II.
It externally resembled the Sten but had twin pistol grips and folding stock resembling those of the German MP A Mk 2 version was also produced which was of different appearance and which made more use of die-cast components.
Although 20, were made, the Austen never achieved the success of the competing Australian-designed Owen submachine gun , known as the "Owen Gun". The army, wanting to replace them with a modern and preferably native design, tested various designs with the Vigneron M2 and licence-produced FN Uzi being selected. However, the Imperia was an improved Sten with a fire selector and retractable stock.
A short-lived American invention developed in the s, the Sputter Gun was designed to circumvent the law that defined a machine gun as something that fired multiple rounds with one pull of the trigger.
The Sputter Gun had no trigger, but fired continuously after loading and the pulling back of its bolt, firing until it ran out of ammunition. The gun was very short lived as the ATF quickly reclassified it. The Halcon ML was a simpler derivative of the Sten gun of Argentine origin that was fed from a vertically inserted magazine.
Much like the FP Liberator pistol of World War II, it could be discarded during an escape with no substantial loss for the force's arsenal.
The MP2 is a blowback-operated weapon that fires from an open bolt with an extremely high rate of fire. The layout of the receiver is somewhat simpler than that of a Sten with its internal components light in weight enabling a very high rate of fire of rpm. Its forward pistol grip can hold a spare magazine as well as handling the weapon when firing.
The Pleter submachine gun was created in when the breakup of Yugoslavia in the midst of emerging war left the newly formed Republic of Croatia with small number of military firearms. Since the embargo prevented the Croatian military from legally buying them on open market so they were mostly obtained on the world black market, but with significantly higher price and sometimes of questionable quality , to fulfill the immediate need for arms, they tried to resort on quick and simple locally made designs.
Despite having a vertical magazine well designed to accept round double-feed direct copy of UZI magazine, rather than original single-feed Sten-type magazine , analogies with the Sten include a striking resemblance in the barrel assembly and in the bolt and recoil spring.
In addition, this gun also fires from an open bolt, and is further simplified by removing fire mode selector or any safety. These last two being obviously not Sten reproductions, especially if they included a drum magazine. All SaskSten guns fire from an open bolt. The Sten, especially the Mark II, tended to attract affection and loathing in equal measure.
Its peculiar appearance when compared to other firearms of the era, combined with sometimes questionable reliability made it unpopular with some front-line troops.
The Sten's advantage was its ease of mass-production manufacture in a time of shortage during a major conflict. A common statement heard from British forces at the time was that the Sten was made "by Marks and Spencer out of Woolworth. Stens could jam at inopportune moments. France  manufactured well-made Sten copies postwar into the early s, evidently believing in the basic reliability and durability of the design.
A well-maintained and properly-functioning Sten gun was a devastating close-range weapon for sections previously armed only with bolt-action rifles.
In addition to regular British and Commonwealth military service, Stens were air-dropped in quantity to resistance fighters and partisans throughout occupied Europe. Wrapping the barrel in wet rags would delay undesirable overheating of the barrel. Canadian infantry battalions in northwest Europe retained spare Sten guns for special missions and the Canadian Army reported a surplus of the weapons in The Sten saw use even after the economic crunch of World War II , replacing the Royal Navy's Lanchester submachine guns into the s, and was used in the Korean War , including specialist versions for British Commandos.
The Sten was one of the few weapons that the State of Israel could produce domestically during the Arab—Israeli War. The opposing side also used mostly British-made Stens, particularly the irregular and semi-regular Arab Liberation Army. In foreign service, the Sten was used in combat at least as recently as the Indo-Pakistani War of Laut Feuerwehr verbrannten rund 40 Hektar Getreide. Maisstärke statt Plastik Rosche. Die Trinkbecher, Strohhalme und Verpackungsfolien sind auf den ersten Blick von Plastik-Erzeugnissen nicht zu unterscheiden.
Drei Becken voller Kies und Schilf Rosche. Beharrlich gräbt sich die Baggerschaufel in den Boden. Daneben rollen Baumaschinen mit mächtigen Walzen vorbei, während Lastwagen die ausgebaggerte Erde abtransportieren. Rosche — Archiv Aus den anderen Städten.