Imperial Cleaning

Paul De Hert

Aanvulling bij het boek "de parochieregistrs van Mere. Erpe-Mere tijdens "de Groote Oorlog - deel 3.

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In this contribution we examine cooperation in the criminal law area, with the purpose of drawing lessons from this experience. We aim to give a brief overview of some key characteristics of cooperation in the field of criminal law. Two specific areas are of key interest; jurisdictional issues and mutual legal assistance. The primary question this contribution aims to answer is; can DPAs, both European and globally, learn from the criminal justice cooperation experience, in particular the one developed in the European Union, in order to enhance cooperation?

The conclusions of the EIXM Communication in particular the fact that no new instruments are needed but rather that existing instruments need consolidating , are appreciated by the stakeholders consulted. However, the EIXM model focused on stocktaking and did not provide an overall vision in the area of information exchange. Hence there seems to be a need for more EU level overall governance and guidance in the area of police information exchange.

It is noted that the increased competences of the Commission, as of December , as stipulated by the Lisbon Treaty, present an important opportunity in this regard. Galetta Antonella, De Hert Paul Effects of surveillance on the rule of law, due process and the presumption of innocence. David Wright, Reinhard Kreissl eds. This contribution focuses on the impact of surveillance on the rule of law, due process and the presumption of innocence, key values and principles of a democratic order.

It illustrates how they are implemented and enforced in contemporary surveillance societies, while referring to European law and case law. Although data protection violations are remedied mainly at the national level, it is possible to identify a set of procedural rules on how to remedy data protection violations under EU law. Currently, there is a three-layered remedial system in place composed of access rights, the administrative system and the court system.

Supporting victims of severe forms of labour exploitation in having access to justice in EU Member States.

European Union Fundamental Rights Agency. The project looks at criminal exploitation of the work of EU and non-EU migrants. It collects information on the nature of and responses to severe forms of labour exploitation across the EU. The EU regulatory framework on nanomaterials falls mainly within the shared competence of the EU and of its member states. This means that the sources of the regu- lation of nanomaterials are found primarily in the law promulgated in Brussels, if Brussels thinks fit to draft laws in these areas, which is the case.

The European Commission EC and its agencies and research centers play a central, propulsive role in the regulatory process. International Reports This mechanism sets up a single contact point whereby companies doing business in more than one EU member state will have to deal with only one DPA, namely that of the member state of their main establishment.

At the same time, the One-Stop-Shop would put consumers in a better position to enforce their rights against such companies. State-of-the-art report on teaching privacy and personal data protection at schools in the European Union. This report offers a state-of-the-art review of materials available for teaching privacy and personal data protection at schools in the European Union EU , assessing prior knowledge in this area.

It has been produced in the context of the Introducing Data Protection and Privacy Issues in the European Union ARCADES project,1 co-funded by the EU, which aims to elaborate new materials to be used for the wider promotion of school education about privacy and personal data protection across EU Member States, targeting children aged between 6 and Reforming European Data Protection.

Under a slightly adapted title — Reforming European Data Protection Law — this volume brings together 16 chapters offering conceptual analyses, highlighting issues, proposing solutions, and discussing practices regarding privacy and data protection.

This book on privacy and data protection offers readers conceptual analysis as well as thoughtful discussion of issues, practices, and solutions. The book first examines profiling, a persistent core issue of data protection and privacy.

It covers the emergence of profiling technologies, on-line behavioral tracking, and the impact of profiling on fundamental rights and values.

Next, the book looks at preventing privacy risks and harms through impact assessments. It contains discussions on the tools and methodologies for impact assessments as well as case studies. The book then goes on to cover the purported trade-off between privacy and security, ways to support privacy and data protection, and the controversial right to be forgotten, which offers individuals a means to oppose the often persistent digital memory of the web.

Written during the process of the fundamental revision of the current EU data protection law by the Data Protection Package proposed by the European Commission, this interdisciplinary book presents both daring and prospective approaches. Grundrecht gegen das Gedankenlesen. Süddeutsche Zeitung Article 31 Jan , pp. Das ist bald keine Science-Fiction mehr: Staaten und Firmen sammeln Neurodaten und kontrollieren so unsere Gedanken und Gefühle.

Der Datenschutz ist diesem Angriff auf die Privatsphäre bisher nicht gewachsen. International Data Privacy Law 1 5 1: Empirical data show that increasingly younger children are engaging in online activities. Many children lack experience and knowledge of the implications and practices related to personal data management.

However, under the current Euro- pean data protection regime, children become data subjects on the same legal basis as adults, with consent being the most popular method of obtaining personal data. The proposed EU Data Protection Regulation tackles this problem by introducing a requirement for data controllers providing information society services directed at children: The Legal Analysis of existing schemes is one of the deliverables of Work Package 4.

The report incorporates the legal study on security products, systems and services on the basis of four dimensions: It also examines the legal framework, standards and guidance from standardisation bodies related to certification. The chapter on the security aspect outlines the core legislation of the main security areas in the EU as categorised in the CRISP taxonomy, such as security of citizens and security of infrastructures, and identifies legal demands for security products, systems and services.

The chapter on the trust aspect addresses the issue of trust of the scrutinised and end users to security products, systems and services and draws special requirements for security standards and certification schemes in that respect.

The chapter on the efficiency aspect approaches the matter of how efficient security measures are through the three case studies of WP4: CCTV, alarm systems and drones.

The chapter on the freedom infringements aspect analyses the legal demands for security measures in terms of data protection and privacy, presumption of innocence, equal treatment and non-discrimination, fair trial and due process. The last part of the report presents and analyses existing evaluation and certification schemes for CCTV, alarm systems and drones and assesses to what extent the schemes correspond to the legal demands and requirements identified in the legal study of the report and highlights good practices from a legal perspective.

The third and last deliverable of WP4 presents the SWOT strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats analysis of existing evaluation and certification schemes for security products, systems and services. The deliverable identifies strong and weak points of existing schemes on the basis of security-trust-efficiency-freedom infringements requirements and makes recommendations for further enhancement and adaptation for the assessment and certification of products, systems and services used for security purposes - Key words: Lessons for emerging technologies.

Florian Skopik, Paul Smith eds. Smart grids offer novel means of energy governance and promise an adequate response to environmental, societal and technical developments of the 21st century. At the same time, they are capable of invading the sacrosanctity of the most privacy-sensitive place — the home.

This chapter sketches several societal challenges that smart grids pose, and amongst these the threat of abusive surveillance practices. We argue that this approach and its core element, i. We conclude that impact assessments of emerging technologies must be inclusive, easy to use and flexible, satisfying certain quality criteria - Key words: In this deliverable we present a horizontal analysis of the case study reports from D3.

The case studies made an inventory of positive and negative externalities in the use of big data and were drawn from the domains of crisis informatics, culture, energy, environment, healthcare, maritime transportation and smart cities.

First we reviewed the big data practices and their similarities and differences encountered across the case studies. We assessed the big data practices in the case studies along the range of technical challenges through which big data is often characterised: To further clarify how these technical challenges are encountered in the different case studies, we map these challenges along the Big data value chain: Next we compared the societal externalities encountered and checked which externalities are present across the sectors and which ones are sector-specific.

We review the externalities according to the main categories of externalities presented in D2. The big data assessment shows that big data does not stand for the same practice in every sector, but covers a wide variety of datasets and data. Volume is present in all case studies, but is quite different in scale. Velocity is not present in all case studies and some datasets are relatively static, but gets introduced when big data is based on data acquisition through sensors or on user interactions.

Variety proves to be a challenge in all case studies, resulting from the combination of different sources or from the multidimensionality or unstructured character of the data. Veracity often captures a wider range of problems like validity, data granularity or resolution, uncertainty about meaning. These issues show up differently in the case studies. Mapped across the Big data value chain the technical challenges raised in the case studies are mostly observed in the data collection, data curation and in a lesser extent in the data usage phase.

Often these challenges are not purely technical challenges, but the translation of societal externalities. Big Data; externalities; Data Protection. In this deliverable we evaluate the positive and negative societal externalities of big data. Previously the BYTE-project performed sectoral case studies making an inventory of positive and negative externalities in the use of big data, categorised as economic, social and ethical, legal and political externalities.

These case studies were drawn from the domains of crisis informatics, culture, energy, environment, healthcare, maritime transportation and smart cities. The previous deliverable in WP4, D4. This deliverable builds further on those results and presents an evaluation and analysis of best practices to address these externalities.

Big Data; externalities; copyright; data protection; anti-discrimination; open data; trade secrets. Slavery Today Journal 1 2 1. Researchers and policymakers face a shortage of data on the business side of human trafficking. This inevitably leads to problems when trying to combat this crime. The purpose of this article is to harvest the knowledge on what we know about trafficking as a criminal enterprise and, in turn, encourage further research.

The article also aims to show that the challenges encountered by researchers. Human trafficking; research; business; criminal enterprise. The deliverable contains the advice and recommendations of the CRISP ethical expert on the task of the consortium to analyse the impact of the security technologies and measures to the freedoms of individuals. The deliverable also includes a report on the actions taken by the consortium in response to the advice provided by the ethical expert.

Recommendations to the Council of the EU and the European Parliament on access rights, in the context of the European data protection reform. Our findings highlight the widespread problems citizens encounter when trying to exercise their rights, and are therefore of direct relevance to the current political deliberations in the European Council and the European Parliament regarding the proposed new data protection legislation.

Globalization and technological advances pose common challenges to providing a progressive, sustainable model for protecting privacy in the global Internet environment. Tensions between different legal systems such as the European Union and the United States result in loss of con dence on the part of users and confusions by commercial entities. The goal of this report is to identify practical steps to bridge gaps between the existing approaches to data privacy of the European Union EU and the United States US , in a way that produces a high level of protection, furthering the interests of individuals and increasing certainty for commercial organizations.

While our focus is privacy protection in the transatlantic region, we hope that some, if not most, of these privacy bridges may prove useful in other regions as well. This report emerged from a series of in-person meetings and discussions among a group of independent EU and US experts in the eld of privacy and data protection. We present ten privacy bridges that will both foster stronger transatlantic collaboration and advance privacy protection for individuals. Wright David, Barnard-Wills D.

After a short intro- duction to conformity assessment in chapter 2, chapter 3 illustrates the state of the art in secu- rity standards and certification in ten European countries: The following chapters 5 to 7 show pan-European and international secu- rity standardisation activities and certification schemes.

Chapter 8 provides information on the state of accreditation in the security context, followed by a summary in chapter 9. De Tijd Article 17 May , pp. Hoewel het lijstje met hacking van Belgische overheden steeds langer wordt, lijkt het onderwerp internationale spionage telkens eventjes op de politieke voorgrond te verschijnen telkens wanneer er zich een incident voordoet.

Het onderwerp internationaal hacken verdient echter een plaats op de politieke voorgrond. De Standaard Article 2 Jun , pp. De rechtbank in Dendermonde veroordeelde de aardappelactivisten van Wetteren voor bendevorming.

Vijf juristen-hoogleraren wijzen erop dat deze uitspraak een gevaarlijk precedent schiep: De vijf ondertekenaars zijn allen hoogleraar rechten Wat? Er is een wetswijziging nodig om juridische ontsporingen, zoals rond de aardappelactivisten, te voorkomen.

Een kwestie van wettelijke voorschriften. Tal van heelkundige ingrepen kunnen op het eerste gezicht worden opgevat als inbreuken op de strafwet 'opzettelijke slagen en verwondingen'. Toch kunnen artsen voor het allergrootste deel van hun interventies niet worden vervolgd. De oorzaak van deze immuniteit is te vinden in de rechtsbronnen - wetgeving, rechtspraak en rechtsleer - waarin elementen zijn vervat die ertoe leiden dat artsen die 'slagen en verwondingen' toedienen of iemand 'doden', vrijuit gaan of met andere woorden 'immuun' blijven tegen het strafrecht en een veroordeling door de strafrechter of -rechtbank.

Een rechtsfiguur, een juridische constructie op basis van de interpretatie van de rechtsbronnen, die terzake voor de geneeskunde van het allergrootste belang is, is wat door de juristen 'het wettelijk voorschrift' genoemd wordt.

In dit artikel wordt de plaats die de rechtsfiguur van - Key words: Datanews Knack Article 26 Sep In het Belgisch Staatsblad van 25 april verscheen de wet van 4 april tot wijziging van de wet van 21 maart tot regeling van de plaatsing en het gebruik van bewakingscamera's.

Politie- diensten mogen binnenkort vanuit een rijdend politievoertuig het kenteken van een voertuig op de openbare weg scan- nen. ANPR automatic number plate rec- ognition krijgt nu een wettelijk kader, hoewel de combinatie van beeldanalyse met daaropvolgende vergelijking van de ingewonnen data met zwarte lijsten, de vraag opwerpt of we nog langer van cameragebruik kunnen spreken.

In wat volgt gaan we in op de nieuwe technolo- gie en op de achtergrond van de nieuwe wet. De Hert Paul Er is geen reden om in het bos te gaan huilen. Ze zullen nooit weten wat het betekent om een moment voor zichzelf te hebben, een niet opgenomen, niet geanalyseerde gedachte. Snowden is ook de man die ervoor heeft gezorgd dat u nu dit artikel aantreft in Ons Erfdeel. Door zijn onthullingen is privacy niet meer weg te denken uit het publieke debat.

Dat thema raakt zowel aan hele grote dossiers naast NSA en Edward Snowden passeren ook steeds Wikileaks en Julian Assange als aan erg individuele zaken uw Facebook-pagina of uw gepersonaliseerde supermarktfolder , maar in beide gevallen is de teneur steevast: Ons Erfdeel bracht hierover twee prominente stemmen samen voor een dubbelinterview: De Hert en Heijne gingen in januari in debat over de toekomst van de privacy in de Lage Landen en ver daarbuiten.

Hij is onder meer gespecialiseerd in het thema veiligheid. Het is de vrijheid om je als individu te ontplooien. En ik heb het gevoel dat het daarmee niet zo slecht gaat", licht hij toe. Heijne plaatst kanttekeningen bij wat De Hert zegt: Dat is wat er volgens mij aan de hand is. Der Aufruf im Wortlaut, Spiegel Online. Spiegel Online Article 3 Jan De Hert Paul Rechtsupdate cameratoezicht. Met de Wet van 21 maart hierna: Deze regeling is bedoeld om de plaatsing en het gebruik van elke camera te regelen.

De Camerawet bevat zowel een bestuurlijke component als een gerechtelijke component. De combinatie van deze twee finaliteiten blijkt in praktijk aanleiding te geven tot praktische problemen bij de uitvoering van de wet, in het bijzonder voor de politiediensten.

Daarom werd de wet al meermaals gewijzigd. De Hert Paul Rechtsupdate het adminisitratief plaatsverbod. Het administratief plaatsverbod kreeg voor het eerst gestalte met artikel en artikel van de Nieuwe Gemeentewet Nieuwe Gemeentewet, gecodificeerd door het K. Deze artikelen laten de burgemeester, als hoofd van de bestuurlijke politie in zijn gemeente, toe om de nodige besluiten te nemen met het oog op de handhaving van de openbare veiligheid en orde, onder meer naar aanleiding van openbare manifestaties of bij vormen van openbare overlast.

Deze besluiten kunnen bovendien de vrijheid van de burger beperken 7. International Data Privacy Law 4: The proposed data protection regulation2 includes mention of the use of criminal and administrative sanctions. Both were possible in EU data protection law but, after the reform, the use of administrative sanctions will become mandatory. With regard to criminal sanctions to address data protection wrongs, nothing changes: Why is the new EU, with its enhanced post-Lisbon powers, so timid and 'ish' with regard to criminal law?

How is it possible that, to reform a set of rules created by a directive, a regulation is chosen with the aim of harmonising just about everything in EU data protection law, but not the chapter on sanctions and enforcement? This contribution lists some explanatory factors and reflects on future regulatory choices in member states. What Is the Response from Civil Society? This panel will discuss the scope of the recently disclosed surveillance activities of the US National Security Agency, and the efforts underway in the EU and the United States to respond.

The emphasis will be on promoting a political response to the unlawful surveillance. Speakers will include NGOS, government officials, and technical experts.

De Hert Paul, Boulet Gertjan A Compass towards best elements for cooperation between data protection authorities. This report gives, first, an overview of relevant legislation, networks of data protection authorities DPAs and agreements between DPAs. Secondly, the report distinguishes different aims of cooperation, and possible best elements for cooperation between DPAs.

De Hert Paul, Boulet Gertjan Legal reflections for further improving cooperation between data protection authorities. This report reflects on the instruments for cooperation between data protection authorities DPAs , the independence of DPAs and other possible elements that could improve current practices of cooperation between DPAs. It also provides lessons from legal areas other than data protection. Italie et Atiqullah Adil c.

In Belgium, the drug trafficking offences and their different penalties are set out in the Law on Drug Trafficking. Other contribution 9 Dec The bright-line rule, which would require data controllers to obtain parental consent before processing personal data of children aged under 13, seems to be incompatible with the notion of evolving capacities.

The proposed measure is based on the assumption that from the age of 13 all children are able to provide an independent consent for the processing of their personal data in the online environment. The proposed Article 8 ignores the fact that every child develops at a different pace and that the introduction of parental consent does not ensure more guidance regarding online data processing.

Therefore, it can be observed that the introduction of parental consent contradicts the key principles of human rights law enshrined in the UNCRC.

De Hert Paul, Kloza Dariusz Corporate transparency is crucial, but it must also become far more meaningful. The Privacy Surgeon Article 15 May Last week - to a surprisingly muted public reception - Apple became the latest addition to a growing club of companies that have adopted greater transparency in their dealings with government agencies.

In this article Paul De Hert and Dariusz Kloza outline the growing trend to transparency and argue why such information must move from being merely 'available' to being 'meaningful'. New Journal of European Criminal Law 2 5 2: He was an economist, Noble prize winner andauthor.

His work focused on economics andsociology, and through the lenses of these disciplines he looked at many subjects,including crime and the criminal law. His crucial finding that crime is the sum ofrational actors still has a lot to off er to criminologists and practitioners working in the area of criminal law. This editorial pays tribute to his analytical spirit by embracing it when assessing the EU legislation to combat human trafficking.

Analysis of the new text and critical comment on its global ambition. The year set an important milestone in the development of data protection law in Europe: After briefly presenting Convention , the analysis that follows will highlight the Council's data protection sys- tem currently in effect as well as developments relating to the Convention's amendment so far with the aim of identifying improvements and shortcomings. While doing this two separate points of view shall be adopted: Afterwards a macroscopic view will be adopted, whereby strategic issues will be discussed pertaining to the important issue of the relationship of the suggested draft with the EU data protection system, as well as, the same draft's potential to constitute the next global information privacy standard.

De Hert Paul, Papakonstantinou Evangelos The data protection regime applying to the inter-agency cooperation and future architecture of the EU criminal justice and law enforcement area.

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this study aims at identifying data protection shortcomings in the inter-agency cooperation in the EU criminal justice and law enforcement area. Its objective is also to outline, under six possible scenarios, the interplay among the data protection legal instruments currently being discussed, as well as the response each scenario could provide to such shortcomings. Hielke Hijmans, Herke Kranenborg eds.

Data Protection Anno How to Restore Trust?. The completion of the second five-year term of the first European Data Protection Supervisor finds his office a quite different organisation than the one described, or even envisaged, in its establishment document back in Although it is perhaps too early to assess whether this development is the result of external or internal factors, this analysis shall attempt exactly that: Finally, a third part shall discuss the future, particularly in view of the EU data protection reform package currently under way.

The Privacy Advisor Article 22 Dec While cloud computing is emerging, transparency, confidentiality and control are key concerns of potential cloud clients.

The cloud business is developed in a way that cloud clients often lack the necessary information on how the information moved to the cloud is safeguarded and processed, and what happens in case they want to move to another provider or their provider terminates its operation or changes terms of its policies? The analysis has a European perspective; the European legislation--current and forthcoming--form the basis of the analysis.

Also, the need for the new standard and its relation to other standards for cloud computing or protection of personal information are examined. The standard aims to address the specific risks of public cloud computing, help build confidence in public cloud computing providers and give guidance on what the cloud providers need to achieve in terms of contractual and regulatory obligations.

At a time when cloud computing industry is developing rapidly, mainly due to the flexibility and the cost minimization cloud computing off ers, ISO and IEC developed a new standard on cloud computing to deal with issues of protection of PII and security of information. Th e new standard aims to address the down-sides of cloud computing and the concerns of the cloud clients, mainly the lack of trust and transparency, by developing controls and recommendations for cloud service providers acting as PII processors.

The article examines the strengths and weaknesses of the new standard, its added value to the cloud computing landscape and to data protection, as well as its relation to the European Personal Data Protection framework. Publications Office of the European Union. The report concludes that a combination of existing regulatory instruments and soft law measures such as Privacy Impact Assessments PIAs elements will assist RPAS operators in developing innovation applications and services by combining harmonised regulations across Europe with a tailored impact assessment.

In particular, the research mapped in the report resulted in in a series of policy recommendations, in consultation with a range of relevant RPAS stakeholders e. These policy recommendations are separated by different types of stakeholders, and are focused on five key bullet points: Each stakeholder group has a role to play in assisting the RPAS industry in meeting obligations around privacy, data protection and ethics.

The policy recommendations focus on actions or steps these individual policy members can take. Each of these policy recommendations, and their specific sub-recommendations, represents improved practice in meeting privacy and data protection requirements.

Taken together, these measures provide a comprehensive, good-practice package that encourages responsible use of RPAS in civil applications.

Like in standardisation documents, a common understanding of the terminology used is an important aspect, which is why we have started with the creation of a glossary. By linking the function of a security PSS with the area of security it is deployed, different security contexts are reflected.

Finally, in order to classify and also compare security functions, we have considered the existence of different levels on which the functions operate in security products, systems and services, based on the dependency functions have on other functions. This results in three levels of functions, with an increase in dependency and often complexity , being primitive, connective and performative functions.

Exercising democratic rights under surveillance regimes report. This report outlines the European legal framework concerning data protection and focuses on subject access rights in particular.

Access rights; Data protection. Galetta Antonella, De Hert Paul Complementing the surveillance law principles of the Court of Strasbourg with its environmental law principles. An integrated technology approach to a human rights framework for surveillance. Utrecht Law Review If one looks at the case law of the European Court of Human Rights on surveillance matters, a well mature set of principles emerge, namely: We pass the surveillance case law and the principles developed therein in review and note that 1 not all surveillance is considered relevant to the right to privacy the threshold problem ; 2 when surveillance is subjected to a privacy right analysis, concerns about rights contained in other provisions, such as Articles 6, 13 and 14 of the Convention, are added; 3 not all surveillance that interferes with privacy is considered as problematic, hence differences in the Court's view with regard to the legality requirement and intensity of the scrutiny arise.

We focus in particular on the case law of the Court on environmental matters. We find that greater coherence could be reached in the Court's case law on surveillance by integrating the environmental law principles of participation, precaution, access to information and to access justice into surveillance matters.

Nevertheless, such move would be very desirable and give new momentum to the Court's case law on surveillance-related interferences. This composite report summarizes empirical research on the exercise of access rights in Belgium, conducted in the framework of the IRISS project. Access rights; Data protection; Belgium. Deel II — Procedurele rechten.

Tevens vindt u per artikel een actueel overzicht van jurisprudentie en literatuur. De auteurs richten zich met dit commentaar op de advocatuur en alle andere professionals die in hun praktijk met het EVRM in aanraking komen. Sdu Commentaar EVRM is een gezamenlijke onderneming van diverse auteurs en staat onder redactie van prof. Woltjer, die allen hun deskundigheid combineren met praktische ervaring op hun vakgebied.

The main objectives of TELL ME are about communicating with the public to influence behaviours, reduce the spread of disease, avoid panic, build and maintain confidence in governmental responses during pandemics. Multidisciplinary Insights and Contemporary Challenges. This volume brings together papers that offer conceptual analyses, highlight issues, propose solutions, and discuss practices regarding privacy and data protection.

The first section of the book provides an overview of developments in data protection in different parts of the world. The second section focuses on one of the most captivating innovations of the data protection package: The third section presents studies on a recurring, and still important and much disputed, theme of the Computers, Privacy and Data Protection CPDP conferences: This part is illustrated by examples from the domain of law enforcement and smart surveillance.

The book concludes with five chapters that advance our understanding of the changing nature of privacy concerns and data protection. This volume brings together 16 chapters offering conceptual analyses, highlighting issues, proposing solutions, and discussing practices regarding privacy and data protection.

There are a number of novel technologies and a broad range of research aimed at the collection and use of data drawn directly from the human brain. Given that this data - neurodata - is data collected from individuals, one area of law which will be of relevance is data protection.

The thesis of this paper is that neurodata is a unique form of data and that this will raise questions for the application of data protection law. Issues may arise on two levels. On a legal technical level, it is uncertain whether the definitions and mechanisms used in the data protection framework can be easily applied to neurodata. On a more fundamental level, there may be interests in neurodata, particularly those related to the protection of the mind, the framework was not designed to represent and may be insufficiently equipped, or constructed, to deal with.

In this chapter we have made an inventory of the challenges that big data processing poses to legal frameworks regulating the processing of data, and vice versa of the hurdles these legal frameworks pose to big data processing. The language of externalities is a bit difficult to integrate with legal issues. Flip Kowlier in concert met 't Hof van Commerce in Gent op 1 november Overgenomen van " https: Vlaams zanger Belgisch rapper.

Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata Wikipedia: Weergaven Lezen Bewerken Geschiedenis. Informatie Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties. Hulpmiddelen Links naar deze pagina Verwante wijzigingen Bestand uploaden Speciale pagina's Permanente koppeling Paginagegevens Wikidata-item Deze pagina citeren.

In andere projecten Wikimedia Commons. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 15 jul om Met Huygens op reis - tekeningen en dagboeknotities - tentoonstelling Constantijn Huygens jr.

Zuidnederlandse toeristische tijdschriften Tijdschriften van de geestelijkheid in Vlaanderen Gooik omstreeks ; een zoektocht in het oudste parochieregister van "Goyck - St. Inventaris van de werken in de bibliotheek van de Kon. Aloude Rederijkerskamer De Catharinisten Aalst. Inventaris van de archivalia en muzeologische voorwerpen van de Kon. Prometheus aangevuurd door Demeter. De economische ontwikkeling van de landbouw in Oost-Vlaanderen Laureaten van de Frans de Potter - Jan Broeckaertprijs: Noordbrabantse tijdschriften "Taxandria" uitgezonderd.

De fonteinen van de Oranjeberg, politiek-institutionele geschiedenis van de provincie Oost-Vlaanderen. Voor de ziel van het kind. De schoolstrijd in het klerikale arrondissemant Roeselare Vier bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van parochie en kerk van Burst - eerste aflevering.

Dorpsjongens in Franse legerdienst. Uit de onvolledige militielijsten van Burst - Vier bijdragen tot de gschiedenis van parochie en kerk van Burst - tweede aflevering.

Vlaanderen bouwt een kerk in Brazilie. De martelaren van de Alto Uruguai. Padre Miguel De Cock Het geslacht Van Campene: Uit de testamentaire schikkingen van Jan Cauwaele, mulder te Aaigem, en over andere smoutrenten. Verpachting van de eigendommen van de abdij van Anchin in de omgeving van Aaigem in de 16de eeuw deel 1. Padre Miguel De Cock deel 2. Legerdienst in het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Vier bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van parochie en kerk van Burst - vierde aflevering.

Tijdschriften uit Frans-Vlaanderen Les emprunts pontificaux de , et Op den drempel der geschiedenis van het Vlaamsche volk: De Belgen, de Vlamingen en de Walen, wie ze zijn, waar ze wonen en hoe ze leven.

De zalige stonden van een soms verloren uur - bloemlezing uit het dichtwerk van Victorien Vande Weghe Klooster Tussenbeke - oord van bezinning tussen de beken , beschrijving van de gebouwen. Een historisch - geografische reconstructie van het landschap van Mere aan de hand van kadastrale documenten Oudenburg en de Vlaamse kustvlakte tijdens de Romeinse periode Archaeologia Belgica, Wat weten we over de H. Geesttafel het Kerkbestuur en de parochie Sint-Jacobus Borsbeek Klim in je stamboom.

Praktische wenken voor beginnende familievorsers. Franstalige Zuidnederlandse tijdschriften Stads- en kasselrijrerekeningen als bronnen voor lokale geschiedenis, de oudste rekening van het stadje Biervliet uitreksels , de oudste rekening van het ambacht Assenede Groot-Haaltertse dialect - De Vlaamse taal is wonderzoet - spraakkunst, spelling en idioticon.

De abdij van Ten Roosen - Obituarium van ten Roosen, Annalen van den oudeheidkundigen kring van de stad en het voormalig Land van Aalst, 4, Driemaandelijkse bladen ; Het hospitaal van Onze Lieve Vrouw te Aalst.

Beschrijvende inventaris Volksontwikkeling- en vormingswerk met volwassenen in Vlaanderen. Inhuldiging van het gerestaureerde P. Inventaris van de kerkarchieven van Aalst. De toekomst van ons verleden; interprovinciale studiedag over heemkundig onderzoek en geschiedbeoefening in Zeeland en Vlaanderen. Klapper op de parochieregisters van Aaigem. Alfabetische klapper op de vrouwen. Van vlaskutser tot Franschman. Westfandrica; keuze uit de onderwerpscatalogus van de Provinciale Bibliotheek en Cultuurarchief te Brugge.

Maria's Oost-Vlaanderen of beschrijving van de wonderbeelden en merkweerdige bedevaartplaatsen van Onze-Lieve-Vrouw in Oost- Vlaanderen. D'n Opstal in z'n hemd gezet, of de bebouwing en de bewoners van Opstal in met hun bijnamen, bezigheden en pleziertjes.

Jaarboek - tussen de 4 barelen Briel, Provinciale baan, Mandekenstraat, Diepmeerstraat. Vlaamse literaire tijdschriften Historische schets van het gesticht der EE. Zusters Franciscanessen van Gent, geheeten Crombeen, bij het tweehonderdjarig jubelfeest van zijn bestaan. Geschiedenis van de Heerlijkheid Holebeke en van het Pachtgoed genaamd Hof te Hollebeke voor te Woubrechtegem.

Geschiedenis van de koren- en oliewatermolen van Gotegem voor te Haaltert Mere Aaigem. Vijftig jaar molenvermeldingen in de Gazette van Gend t gevolgd door een lijst met te koop aangeboden heerlijkheden.

Geschiedenis van de houten korenwindmolen voo en van de koren- en oliewatermolen voor van de baronie en vrijheid van Herzele.

Geschiedenis van de korenwatermolen te Ouwerzele of te Broek voor en van de koren- en oliewatermolen genaamd de Slagmolen of molen De Graeve voor te Mere.

Geschiedenis van de koren-en oliewatermolen en van de stenen koren en oliewindmolen te Bavegem. Geschiedenis van de houten korenwindmolen Mouterij De Wolf-Cosijns in Aalst. Hop, granen en mout als grondstoffen voor de Belgische brouwerijen.

Uit het leven van V. Eenige praktische beschouwingen nopens het gebruik van het ammoniaksulfaat in den landbouw. Een paar klopperen op een stokje droog gemaakt; Een zak steenkool met een strootje gebonden; Muggen in huis; Van de man die nevens een vuurtje zat. Over het binnenhalen van het laatste graan van de akker; Het noenluidertje. De paarden moesten beter gevoederd worden; Meskes Jeannens Jeppen en de tobben; De voogd en de haan.

Hij deed zich aan zijn sparrenhul afzetten; Over framasons; De mest door onzichtbare wezens opengeworpen; De vrouw met de kindskrof; Nog over framasons. Over Ward de kloppermaker; Doke den Bult zou geen kiekens stelen; Kalanders op zolder. Mant Sterck en de vrouw met de bokkepoten; een dode rat in de pint; het afgedraaide karrewiel. Protest van de parochianen van Ottergem in Hoe het ons een gezinsreconstructie oplevert voor dat jaar. Landbouwekonomie en bevolking in Vlaanderen gedurende de late Middeleeuwen en het begin van de Moderne Tijden.

Om de schone ziel van 't kind Deftig vermaak, ijdel vertier. Stedelijkheid en burgerlijke ontspanning in het 19de eeuwse Gent. De Fonteinen van de Oranjeberg. Politiek-institutionele geschiedenis van de provincie Oost-Vlaanderen van tot nu. Verslagen van het elfde en het twaalfde tweejaarlijks colloquium, gehouden te Zottegem en te Geraardsbergen Het Sint-Maartensinstituut Bijdrage tot de geschiedenis van het onderwijs in het Aalsterse.

Het groot poortersboek van Oudenaarde of poortersbouc der stede en caele van Audenaerde Veurne Koekelare Langemark Passendale. Het eerste studiejaar in de gemeenteschool van Erpe. Nikolaas, voorheen Land van Waes, provincie Oost-Vlaanderen deel 1 en 3. De Sedes Sapientia in de parochiekerk van Mere: Geschiedkundige bijdrage nopens het ontstaan en de ontwikkeling van handel en nijverheid te Aalst sedert de jaren Bedevaartvaantjes in Oost-Vlaanderen; bijdrage tot de studie van de legenden, de ikonografie, de volksgebruiken.

Het hof van beroep te Brussel en de rechtbanken van Oost- en Westvlaanderen onder het Frans bewind Het Daensisme; de teleurgang van een onafhankelijke, christelijke arbeidersbeweging in Vlaanderen Beknopt overzicht van de archieven en verzamelingen van het rijksarchief te Ronse december Aangiften van nalatenschap, kavelingen en wezenrekeningen van de heerlijkheid Erpe Analytische inventaris van de persoonsgebonden stukken uit het oud-gemeentearchief van Okegem.

Nederlandse Volkskundige Bibliografie deel X: Tijdschriften provincie Antwerpen Wanzele van tot De erewacht van O. Vrouw ter Druiven te Aalst bij haar jarig bestaan, vooraf de Werfkapel. De vrede van Gent en het verblijf aldaar in van de Engelse en Amerikaanse gevolmachtigden. Miscellanea mediaevalia, verspreide opstellen over economische en sociale geschiedenis in de middeleeuwen. Kortrijk tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog; kroniek naar het dagboek van dokter Robert Mattelaer ; deel 1.

Fotorepertorium van het meubilair van de Belgische bedehuizen. Kanton Aalst - Kanton Herzele. De eeuw der Artevelden. Ziekte en gezondheid 19de en 20ste eeuw: Inventaris van het archief van het kadaster van Oost-Vlaanderen, , nog bewaard bij de directie te Gent of in het rijksarchief Gent. Inventaris van Belgische onderzoekscentra die over een bibliotheek of documentatiedienst beschikken.

Vrijdag 4/05