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Jena was awarded the title "Stadt der Wissenschaft" city of science by the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft , a German science association, in Wenn Ela mit ihren Hörern durch den Kosmos gleitet, kann man nicht anders, als ins Schwärmen zu geraten.

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Gastwissenschaftler und internationale PhD-Studierende können sich an das Welcome Center für Unterstützung bei der Wohnungssuche wenden. Viele ausländische Studierende möchten an der Universität Regensburg oder am Universitätsklinikum ein Praktikum absolvieren. Hier bekommen Praktikanten und Betreuer wichtige Informationen zu den Rahmenbedingungen wie Versicherung, Unterkunft und Praktikumsabkommen.

Hier bekommen Sie einen Überblick über die Angebote für Flüchtlinge. Visa, Formalitäten, Unterkunft und Krankenversicherung. Zusätzlich unterstützen wir Sie gern, falls Sie mit Familie nach Regensburg kommen, z. Für Promovenden, die sich an der UR einschreiben wollen, haben wir auch hilfreiche Informationen zusammengestellt. Das International Office ist die wichtigste Beratungsstelle für alle, die entweder ins Ausland gehen möchten z. Die Grundlage hierfür bilden verschiedene Richtlinien und Vereinbarungen, die den internationalen Austausch erleichtern und verlässliche Rahmenbedingungen liefern.

Christine Betzner - Für Studierende und Praktikanten stehen folgende Links zur Verfügung: Austauschstudierende , die für einen Studienaufenthalt von einem oder zwei Semestern nach Regensburg kommen. Compare and contrast the social and economic policies of two of the following: In what ways, and to what extent, was Argentina a democratic state between and ? Analyse two of the following in one democratic state in the second half of the twentieth century: What were the main features of the Weimar constitution, and to what extent was it democratic?

Analyse the conditions that enabled one left-wing leader to become the ruler of a single-party state. Discuss a the ideology of, and b the support for, one right-wing ruler of a single-party state. Examine the role of education in one single-party or authoritarian state.

In what ways, and to what extent, was propaganda important in the rise and rule of Hitler? Evaluate the role of the policies of the United States in the origins of the Cold War between and Compare and contrast the role of two leaders, each chosen from a different region, in the development of the Cold War between and Analyse the impact of Afghanistan — on the development of the Cold War.

Evaluate the impact of the Cold War on the culture of two countries, each chosen from a different region. Compare and contrast the causes and results of the Iran—Iraq war — and the Falklands war To what extent did nationalism contribute to the origins of both the First World War — and the Second World War —? With reference to one specific example, assess a the reasons for the use of guerrilla warfare, and b its effectiveness.

Examine the reasons for the failure of collective security before the Second World War — Why do economic problems occur in post-war periods?

Assess the advantages and disadvantages of political parties in a democratic state. Analyse the successes and failures in social and economic policies of either Eisenhower or Johnson as president of the United States. Explain why economic problems may pose the greatest challenge to democratic states. Analyse the extent to which Nehru was successful in overcoming the challenges he faced in governing India from to Why did the attempt to establish democracy in Nigeria — fail?

Compare and contrast the methods used in the rise to power of two right-wing leaders of single-party states. Analyse the domestic policies by which either Mao or Nyerere attempted to solve the problems that they faced when they rose to power. To what extent did the policies of two rulers of single-party states, each chosen from a different region, affect the arts?

Evaluate the effects of the policies of two rulers of single-party states, each chosen from a different region, on the role and status of women. Topic 4 Nationalist and independence movements in Africa and Asia and post Central and Eastern European states Discuss the effects of the dissolution of Yugoslavia on its successor states.

Analyse the importance of either Ho Chi Minh Vietnam or Ben Bella Algeria in the struggle for independence in their respective countries. Why was the independence process peaceful in Ghana but violent in Zimbabwe?

Assess the importance of the role of Walesa Poland or Havel Czechoslovakia in the movement to resist Soviet control. For what reasons, and to what extent, did the Potsdam Conference of July contribute to the development of the Cold War? Compare and contrast the reactions to peaceful coexistence during the s and s in any two countries. How significant was Vietnam in the development of the Cold War? How did events in Eastern Europe contribute to the end of the Cold War?

With reference to one country, assess the social impact of the Cold War. In what ways, and with what success, did one democratic multiparty state deal with issues of either gender inequality or the inequitable distribution of wealth? To what extent were the problems faced by Nigeria between and successfully resolved? Analyse the methods used to attain civil rights in two democratic multiparty states, each chosen from a different region. Evaluate the domestic, social and economic policies of two of the following leaders of the United States between and Compare and contrast either social welfare systems or education systems in two democratic multiparty states.

Topic 3 Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states In what ways, and with what success, did either Sukarno or Nasser deal with domestic challenges after gaining power? In what ways, and with what success, did one authoritarian or single-party ruler deal with internal opposition?

To what extent was the maintenance of power by either Mao or Castro a result of successful economic policies? Compare and contrast the status and treatment of women or minorities in two authoritarian or single-party states, each Assess the role of each of the following in the rise to power of Stalin and Hitler: With reference to two countries, each chosen from a different region excluding the US or the USSR , assess the social and economic impact of the Cold War.

For what reasons, and with what results, did the Cold War affect the Middle East between and ? Compare and contrast the impact of two of the following leaders on the Cold War: To what extent did a ideological and b economic factors contribute to the ending of the Cold War?

Analyse the social and economic effects of one war that occurred in the first half of the twentieth century. For what reasons, and with what results, did foreign intervention occur in either the Spanish Civil War — or the Nigerian Civil War —? Topic 2 Democratic states — challenges and responses With reference to one democratic state excluding Weimar Germany , analyse a the challenges itfaced and b how successfully these challenges were overcome.

Assess how effectively the governments of either Canada — or Argentina — dealt with political and economic challenges. With reference to two democratic states, analyse the causes of political extremism and how successful the states were in dealing with it.

Analyse how democracy was established in either South Africa after or Japan after Topic 3 Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states With reference to the leaders of two single-party states, each chosen from a different region, analyse to what extent internal conflict and weak governments contributed to their rise to power. Analyse the ways in which either Stalin or Nasser came to power. Assess the importance of the use of force for the establishment of totalitarian control.

Assess the importance of the cult of personality in the maintenance of power of one of the following: Compare and contrast the treatment of religious groups in two single-party states, each chosen from a different region.

Assess the success of either Hitler or Nyerere in implementing their social and economic policies. Topic 4 Nationalist and independence movements in Africa and Asia and post Central and Eastern European states Analyse the reasons for the growth of independence movements in one European colonial empire. Assess the factors which enabled one Eastern European state to gain independence from Soviet control.

Analyse the importance of either Ho Chi Minh Vietnam or Nkrumah Ghana to the success of the independence movements in their respective countries.

Why did post-colonial governments in Asia and Africa experience instability after gaining their independence? For what reasons, and with what results, did Yugoslavia dissolve?

Analyse the reasons for, and the impact of, changes in US—Chinese relations in the s. Assess the impact of the Cold War on the economies of two countries, each chosen from a different region. Analyse the impact of either Gorbachev or Reagan on the course of the Cold War in the s. Assess the impact of the Cold War on two non-aligned states, each chosen from a different region. Analyse the economic and political causes of two civil wars, each chosen from a different region.

Why, and with what consequences, was there so little opposition to aggressive expansionism in the period —? Assess the contribution of guerrilla warfare to the outcome of either the Chinese Civil War — and — or the Algerian War — With reference to the period —, analyse the factors that helped and hindered attempts to promote collective security.

To what extent was the outcome of either the Falklands War or the Gulf War determined by technological developments? Topic 2 Democratic states — challenges and responses 7. With reference to one democratic state in the period up to , examine how successfully it was able to deal with the economic and political challenges it faced. By what methods, and with what success, did Nehru deal with the internal and external problems facing India —? Evaluate the measures undertaken by the governments of Eisenhower and Kennedy to promote the attainment of civil rights in the United States — Analyse the reasons for, and the results of, the breakdown of democracy in Nigeria — With reference to the period after , assess the effectiveness of movements to promote either gender equality or civil rights in one democratic state.

In what ways, and with what success, have two democratic states dealt with the challenge of internal political extremism in the second half of the twentieth century? Topic 3 Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states With reference to one single-party state, examine the nature and extent of internal opposition and the success of the single-party state in dealing with this opposition.

By what methods, and with what success, did either Hitler or Stalin attempt to establish a totalitarian state after coming to power? To what extent was a successful domestic policy the reason for the maintenance of power of one of the following: With reference to one single-party or authoritarian leader, assess the extent to which the promises made during the rise to power were kept after they came to power.

In what ways, and to what extent, did the Soviet policy of peaceful coexistence affect superpower relations from to ? Compare and contrast two of the following as Cold War conflicts: Korea — ; Congo — ; Vietnam — ; Afghanistan — Account for the changing nature of Sino—Soviet relations from to Examine the role played by economic factors and the arms race in the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold War by Topic 2 Democratic states — challenges and responses Examine the obstacles to the success of democracy in Weimar Germany — For what reasons, and by what methods, did political and economic change occur in Japan between and ?

With reference to one democratic state in the first half of the 20th century, examine how it coped with threats from either internal or external sources. Examine the methods used, and level of success achieved, in the struggle to gain gender equality in one 20th century democratic state. To what extent was Canada successful in dealing with the political and economic challenges it faced in the period —? Assess the importance of the use of force and economic policies in the maintenance of power of one authoritarian or single-party ruler.

With reference to one of the following leaders: Analyse the successes and failures of either Mao or Nasser as leader of a single-party state. Examine the status of women or the role of education in two single-party or authoritarian states, each chosen from a different region. Topic 4 Nationalist and independence movements in Africa and Asia and post Central and Eastern European states With reference to one African or Asian nationalist movement, assess the reasons for its success in achieving independence from colonial rule.

Compare and contrast the methods used in the struggle for independence and the reasons why independence was finally granted to Algeria and the Belgian Congo.

In what ways, and with what success, did Mugabe deal with the challenges faced by the newly independent state of Zimbabwe? How successful were the methods used to deal with the political challenges faced by one Central and Eastern European or Balkan state after it achieved independence? Assess the importance of the leadership of either Ho Chi Minh in the organization of resistance tocolonial control or Havel in the organization of resistance to Soviet control. Evaluate the reasons for the change in East—West relations from the Yalta conference to the end of the Potsdam conference.

To what extent did the US policy of containment prove effective in limiting Soviet expansion between and ? Assess the significance of events in either Germany — or the Congo — to the development of the Cold War. Evaluate the causes of the change in US-Chinese relations after Examine the reasons for, and significance of, foreign intervention in two 20th century civil wars,each chosen from a different region.

Compare and contrast the impact of naval and air power in two 20th century wars before or two 20th century wars after Examine the successes and failures of collective security in the 10 years after either the First World War or the Second World War.

Evaluate the importance of religion and economic factors as causes of either the Indo—Pakistan wars —; ; or the Nigerian Civil War — Examine the reasons for, and the consequences of, the war between Iran and Iraq — Topic 2 Democratic states — challenges and responses Examine the reasons for the establishment of democracy in Germany in , and evaluate how effectively it dealt with the economic and political challenges it faced up to Evaluate the reasons for, and methods used in, the post-war reconstruction of Japan between and Examine the extent to which South Africa was successful in addressing the political, social and economic challenges it faced between and Examine the methods used, and the level of success achieved, by two 20th century democratic states in their efforts to address gender inequality.

Examine the methods used, and the level of success achieved, by one civil rights movement in a 20th century democratic state. Topic 3 Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states Examine the importance of each of the following in the rise to power of either Stalin or Hitler: Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of two of the following: With reference to two authoritarian or single-party states, each chosen from a different region, evaluate the effectiveness of the methods used to deal with opposition.

With reference to two authoritarian or single-party states, each chosen from a different region, evaluate the impact of domestic policies on the status of women.

To what extent was Nyerere successful in achieving his domestic policy aims in Tanzania? Topic 5 The Cold War To what extent did decisions about post-war Germany contribute to the breakdown of East—West relations between and ? Evaluate the reasons for the adoption by the Soviet Union of peaceful coexistence and examine the impact of this policy on Cold War relations between and Evaluate the successes and failures of the policy of containment up to in either the Middle East or Asia.

To what extent did the arms race influence the development of the Cold War after ? May Time Zone 1 Topic 1 Causes, practices and effects of wars. To what extent did total war become the norm during the 20th century? Evaluate the role of technology in prolonging the First World War. Examine the role of revolutionary movements in causing any two conflicts. Compare and contrast the causes of the Nigerian Civil War — and the Nicaraguan Revolution — To what extent was the peace settlement following the Algerian War — successful?

Examine the view that economic problems were the longest lasting results of 20th century wars. To what extent were social and economic challenges effectively confronted in either Japan. Evaluate how effectively the rights of ethnic and religious minorities have been protected in two democratic states.

To what extent was the successful establishment of democracy in South Africa matched by social and economic change? Examine the importance of economic conditions in the rise to power of two. Examine the view that internal opposition to Hitler had little impact. To what extent did authoritarian and single-party leaders have a negative effect on the arts?

With reference to either Peron or Nasser, to what extent do you agree that his economic policies failed? Evaluate the successes and failures of the Marshall Plan. Evaluate the influence of Cold War tensions on two military conflicts, each chosen from a different region.

Evaluate the reasons why two nations, each chosen from a different region, joined the Non-Aligned Movement. Examine the internal and external factors that led to the establishment of the Warsaw Pact. Examine the impact of resistance movements on the outcome of any one war. Compare and contrast the role of foreign intervention in the Nigerian Civil War — and the Nicaraguan Revolution — With reference to either the Spanish Civil War — or one of the Chinese Civil Wars — or — , to what extent was ideology the major cause of con ict?

Examine the social impact of the Second World War in any one country. To what extent did the constitution of Weimar Germany have more strengths than weaknesses?

To what extent were social and economic challenges met in either India — or Canada —? Compare and contrast policies promoting either employment or social welfare in two democratic states. Evaluate the success of education policies in two democratic states, each chosen from a different region. Examine the impact of powerful pressure groups on democratic states. With reference to either Mao or Stalin, evaluate the reasons for, and impact of, his hostility to religion. With reference to one authoritarian or single-party state, to what extent do you agree that the media was dominated by propaganda?

Evaluate the extent to which the economic policies of either Castro or Hitler achieved their aims. With reference to two Cold War crises, to what extent did brinkmanship risk direct superpower conflict after ?

To what extent was the failure to maintain collective security after the most significant cause of the Second World War? With reference to one war, compare and contrast its social and economic impact on two countries. To what extent did religion contribute to the outbreak of the Iran—Iraq War —?

With reference to two wars, each chosen from a different region, examine the importance of air warfare on the outcome of those wars. Discuss the success of one democratic state in implementing its health and education policies. Evaluate the extent to which either the United States between and or Great Britain and Northern Ireland between and addressed inequitable [unequal] distribution of wealth.

Discuss the reasons why the implementation of democracy was successful in Japan — With reference to two democratic states, each chosen from a different region, evaluate the impact of pressure groups on social policy-making. With reference to Castro or Nasser or Stalin, to what extent did his domestic policies contribute to his maintenance of power?

With reference to two of the following:

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