In he annexed the island to his Crown of Aragon under the name Regnum Maioricae. From , the Crown of Aragon was in dynastic union with that of Castile. The Barbary corsairs of North Africa often attacked the Balearic Islands, and in response, the people built coastal watchtowers and fortified churches. In the early 18th century, the War of the Spanish Succession resulted in the replacement of that dynastic union with a unified Spanish monarchy under the rule of the new Bourbon Dynasty.
The last episode of the War of Spanish Succession was the conquest of the island of Mallorca. It took place on 2 July when the island capitulated to the arrival of a Bourbon fleet. In , the Nueva Planta decrees made Majorca part of the Spanish province of Baleares, roughly the same to present-day Illes Balears province and autonomous community.
A Nationalist stronghold at the start of the Spanish Civil War , Majorca was subjected to an amphibious landing, on 16 August , aimed at driving the Nationalists from Majorca and reclaiming the island for the Republic. Those events became known as the Battle of Majorca.
Since the s, the advent of mass tourism has transformed the island into a destination for foreign visitors and attracted many service workers from mainland Spain. The boom in tourism caused Palma to grow significantly. The capital of Majorca, Palma, was founded as a Roman camp called Palmaria upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The turbulent history of the city had it subject to several Vandal sackings during the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
It was later reconquered by the Byzantines , established by the Moors who called it Medina Mayurqa , and finally occupied by James I of Aragon. In , Palma became the capital of the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands. The climate of Majorca is a Mediterranean climate Köppen: Csa , with mild and stormy winters and hot, bright, dry summers. Summers are hot in the plains, and winters mild, getting colder in the Tramuntana range, where brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual.
Majorca is the largest island of Spain by area and second most populated after Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
The northeast coast comprises two bays: The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone, extending from Palma, is a generally flat, fertile plain known as Es Pla. The island has a variety of caves both above and below sea — two of the caves, the above sea level Coves dels Hams and the Coves del Drach , also contain underground lakes and are open to tours.
Both are located near the eastern coastal town of Porto Cristo. Small uninhabited islands lie off the southern and western coasts; the Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Majorca in the municipality of Palma , while Dragonara is administratively included in the municipality of Andratx. The island is administratively divided into 53 municipalities.
Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria Catalan: He first arrived on the island in , travelling under his title "Count of Neuendorf". He later settled on Majorca, buying up wild areas of land in order to preserve and enjoy them. Nowadays, a number of trekking routes are named after him. Ludwig Salvator loved the island of Majorca. He became fluent in Catalan, carried out research into the island's flora and fauna, history, and culture to produce his main work, Die Balearen , an extremely comprehensive collection of books about the Balearic Islands, consisting of 7 volumes.
It took him 22 years to complete. George Sand , resided in Valldemossa in the winter of — Apparently, Chopin's health had already deteriorated and his doctor recommended that he go to the Balearic Islands to recuperate, where he still spent a rather miserable winter. Nonetheless, his time in Majorca was a productive period for Chopin.
He managed to finish the Preludes , Op. He was also able to undertake work on his Ballade No. French writer Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin pseudonym: George Sand , at that time in a relationship with Chopin, described her stay in Majorca in A Winter in Majorca , published in Other famous writers used Majorca as the setting for their works: Ira Levin set part of his dystopian novel This Perfect Day in Majorca, making the island a centre of resistance in a world otherwise dominated by a computer.
Jorge Luis Borges visited Majorca twice, accompanied by his family. The Ball dels Cossiers is the island's traditional dance. It is believed to have been imported from Catalonia in the 13th or 14th century, after the Argonian conquest of the island under King Jaime I. Another Majorcan dance is Correfoc , an elaborate festival of dance and pyrotechnics that is also of Catalan origin.
The island's folk music strongly resembles that of Catalonia , and is centered around traditional instruments like the xeremia bagpipes and guitarra de canya a reed or bone xylophone -like instrument suspended from the neck. Es Baluard in Palma is a museum of modern and contemporary art which exhibits the work of Balearic artists and artists related to the Balearic Islands.
The Evolution Mallorca International Film Festival is the fastest growing Mediterranean film festival and has occurred annually every November since , attracting filmmakers, producers, and directors globally. Majorca has a long history of seafaring. The Majorcan cartographic school or the " Catalan school" refers to a collection of cartographers , cosmographers , and navigational instrument makers that flourished in Majorca and partly in mainland Catalonia in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries.
Majorcan cosmographers and cartographers developed breakthroughs in cartographic techniques, namely the "normal portolan chart ", which was fine-tuned for navigational use and the plotting by compass of navigational routes, prerequisites for the discovery of the New World.
In , there were over 2, restaurants on the island of Majorca according to the Majorcan Tourist Board, ranging from small bars to full restaurants. Die Golfpartnerbörse bietet den optimalen Rahmen, um Gleichgesinnte ausfindig zu machen und sich bei gegenseitigem Interesse am Golfplatz zu verabreden.
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